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En estos tiempos de hipercomunicación bastaría la invitación de enviar a un amigo cualquiera de los textos que consideres interesantes algo redundante: demasiada comunicación, demasiados textos y , en general, demasiado de todo.
Es posible que estemos de acuerdo... pero cuando encuentras algo interesante en cualquier sitio, la red, la calle, tu casa, o un lugar escondido y remoto, compartirlo no sólo es un acto (acción, hecho) de amistad o altruismo, también es una manera de ahorrar tiempo a los demás (y de que te lo ahorren a ti (si eres afortunado) a costa del tiempo que tu has podido derrochar (emplear) y el gustazo de mostrar que estuviste ahí (o donde fuera ) un poco antes (el tiempo ya no es más el que era).
Comparte con tus conocidos aquello que encuentras, es evolución.
Soviet/Russian Parallel Cinema
30-03-07 greylodge.org  


'What on earth is parallel cinema? Who is a part of this in the USSR? I will try to answer the questions simply and in a straight forward way.

All Soviet citizens have the right to know about this new movement in cinema, so that after a difficult working day, he or she can entertain the proud thought: "We have parallel cinema..." And may fellow citizens have bright dreams, which are in fact the most democratic form of parallel cinema in the world.'


Igor and Gleb Aleinikov

Metastasen (1984)

Revolutionary Sketch (1987)

Cruel Illness of Men (1987)

I'm Cold, So What? (1987)

Traktora (1987)

Stream on UbuWeb

The Brothers Igor and Gleb Aleinikov belonged to the first generation of independent filmmakers in the Soviet Union, who no longer worked within the studio system, but founded the 'Parallel Cinema'. Their films, like Western experimental film in the 60s, deliberately refused to conform to professional standards, and were thus rejected not only officially, but also by many filmmakers. With its dis- mantling of socialist propaganda, Traktora (Tractors) is part of the reassessment of the past in found footage that took place in the 90s. The voiceover, which grows in intensity from objective description to individual obsession, highlights the emerging individualization of the gaze as opposed to the collective ideology. Knopka (The Button)is a cynical caricature of the apparatchik; it is no longer ideology, but only corruption and stupidity, that creates one catastrophe after the other. The apparatchiks had a lot of time to establish themselves firmly in the country's administrative bodies; and it will probably also take a lot of time for the last of them to disappear.

A genre of short film that has long been extinct in the West was able to survive in Soviet cinema: the newsreel. Chronica demonstratii (Chronicle of a Demonstration)is actually an official documentation of the Revolution celebrations. However, the choreography, which worked perfectly for decades, falls apart, a process which the director records and enhances using formal means: the boring phrases of the speaker are replaced by music. The prescribed social form and the no less prescribed cinematic form of the newsreel are both broken up. Here, more than in any other document known to me, can be felt the radical upheaval and uncertainty of a new era.


Alexander Doulerain

Download (.torrent)
Size: 436mb | Subtitles

Four Items (9min)
Aleksander Doulerain and Yan Rauch, (1997)
The Offshore Reserves (16min)
co-directed with Jamie Bradshaw (2004)
The Desire to See a Film of Rainer Warner Fassbinder (22min)
co-produced and co-directed with Sergei Koryagin (1993)
Dachniky (6min)
co-produced and co-directed with Sergei Koryagin (1991)
The Youth of a Constructor (21min)
Aleksander Doulerain and Dmitry Troitsky

Alexander Doulerain
Born 1966 in Grozny. Lives in Moscow. Educated at the Institute of Electronic Technology in Moscow, as well as at the Moscow Studio for Individual Directing and the New-York Film Academy. Co-founder of Cine Fantom, the first Russian Independent film studio. Has produced and directed numerous films including: "Dachniky" (co-produced and co-directed with Sergei Koryagin) which won the International Short Film Festival in Hamburg; "The Youth of the Constructor" which was awarded Second Prize at the Exotica Film Festival in Petersburg, and was screened at the New York Film Archives as part of the New Russian Film series; "The Desire to See a Film of Rainer Warner Fassbinder" (co-produced and co-directed with Sergei Koryagin) which was awarded Special Prize at the New York Film Academy. Doulerain also has extensive experience as a director and actor in the theater, and is currently the Director of Creative Services for the CTC Television Network in Russia.

Source: Igorert, doxa


By Gleb Aleinikov

What on earth is parallel cinema? Who is a part of this in the USSR? I will try to answer the questions simply and in a straight forward way. All Soviet citizens have the right to know about this new movement in cinema, so that after a difficult working day, he or she can entertain the proud thought: "We have parallel cinema..." And may fellow citizens have bright dreams, which are in fact the most democratic form of parallel cinema in the world.

Let's start with the most general definition: parallel cinema - is cinema, which is made outside the system of corporative or state film production, financed by film directors or sponsors. Such cinema is often called "independent". The idea of such cinematography was born in the 20's, and is connected with French and German "avant-garde" authors. In 1929 the 1st international congress of parallel cinema was held in Switzerland, in which such famous cinematographers as Sergey Eisenstein, Bela Balazs, George Vilgelm Pabst, Hans Richter, Walter Ruttmann and Leon Moussinac took part.

In the 60's, with the advent of 16mm film, parallel cinema became a worldwide phenomenon. The most famous groups of independent cinematographers worked in New York, San Francisco, Zagreb and other cities.

In the USSR, a country with absolute state monopoly over film production and distribution, parallel cinema did not exist as a single movement right up until the 80's, although a few producers created films, which were clearly not amateur productions.

Now a bit of history. Parallel cinema as a system owes its appearance to the activities of three people: Igor Aleinikov, Yevgeny Yufit and Boris Yukhananov. Up until 1987, their auditorium was limited to artists, men of letters, musicians who were developing in "underground" culture. Often, the "underground" was parallel cinema. Such a social status conditioned aesthetics. As practically the only (apart from emigration) alternative to the ideologized official culture, the underground gradually became the national culture, and therefore was not a synonym in any way for the word "avant-garde". Like any true culture, the underground existed on the advantages of cultural traditions, on the realization of the "teacher-student" relationship. In connection with changes taking place in society; artists, musicians, and poets came out from the underground. Directors of parallel cinema were left in isolation. As you know, cinema is not just a creative activity, but also production; it is not enough to enjoy creative freedom, you need the means to make it happen. Under state monopoly of film production, independent authors cannot raise the necessary means, and thus cannot enjoy creative freedom. All that was left was to disappear or establish a new status. They chose the latter, and a certain kind of cine-political activity began. The leading lights of parallel cinema made the only possible correct decision - they decided to create a myth. For the last two years, the myth of parallel cinema has been born. I emphasize; parallel cinema exists on the level of being a social myth. Be that as it may, it has acquired an audience, more films are being made, and the number of producer-authors is growing. The myth is gradually becoming more and more believable, and becoming a law. Mythology has a huge social effect.

Of course finance and technology are, as before, minimal. Creating an independent studio is out of the question: the biggest problems are synchronic sound and the quality of the film stock.

The opinion is heard and read in the mass media that if cinema is going to be parallel, then it should remain parallel. Some people don't understand why parallel cinema people are on television, have their articles printed in official magazines, receive official recognition. Maybe it's because people don't get it, that parallel cinema isn't underground any more. We explain our "behaviour" simply. We cooperate with the media because we are offered the opportunity to do so, and because it gives us a chance to make contact. Contact - is the way to reach an audience. As far as official recognition goes - this is up to each author-producer. Here, the concept of the "independent producer" is confused with the concept of the "independent cinema business". Just because an independent producer decides to work in official cinema, independent cinema doesn't disappear, just as official cinema doesn't disappear when an official director starts working independently. Parallel cinema hasn't divided cinema, it has broadened it.

The birth of parallel cinema can be fixed in time in 1987, when the cine journal 'CINEFANTOM' appeared as typed carbon copies, paid for by its authors. The journal was noteworthy because its editorial staff were mostly parallel cinema authors, who, together with critics published original texts. The editorial staff considers that practice and criticism should exist together for mutual benefit, that criticism is a form of creative activity, with the same status as practice.

Other tasks the journal sets itself are to expose insufficiencies in Soviet cinema in the light of world cinema. The journal doesn't confine itself to a specific theme within parallel cinema, it willingly turns over its pages to critics analyzing traditional cinematography made in more often than not, unconventional methods. Original material is published dedicated to the creative works of Fasbinder, Shtraub. Sokurov, German and Tarkovsky. Specially close attention is paid to Video Art, including experimental home video, video art, video installations, and video acts. The journal strives towards its texts being not only informational and academic, but also complete in the sense of their artistic form. The journal is a platform for the development of new styles, genres and structures.

Now a little on the directors who are involved in parallel cinema in the USSR. I am writing only about representatives in Leningrad and Moscow, as I know their work well.

I will begin with Leningrad - which is a kind of capital of parallel cinema. I will start by naming three names: Evgeny Ufit, Oleg Kotelnikov and Evgeny Kondratev. The way I see it, they occupy a common cultural platform. All three are products of the same Leningrad cultural underground, of artists and musicians. I think that Leningrad rock-culture, to be more precise; its punk members had a big influence on them. It was from there the paraphernalia of rock-concerts (idiotic make-up, scandalous costumes), the music itself, and the way the actors performed, derived from. These directors are active musicians, and in their way have an influence on their musical contemporaries. They are also painters. Kotelnikov is more famous as one of the leaders of the Leningrad 'New Wild'. The 'New Wave' and 'Free Form' movements are also close to them.

Evgeny Ufit. Twenty eight, born and bred in Leningrad. He is the leader of the cine group 'Mzhalalafilm'. He describes his creative work with the term 'necrorealism'. From 1982 to 1984 he was involved with situational photography, and he was involved with the following necrorealistic subjects: mass fights, murder, suicides, every day trauma. Legal medicine had a big influence on Ufit, a world where pathologic-anatomical atlases are important. Ufit has been involved with cinematography from 1984, and his necrotic ideas have come to life and taken form.

Ufit's first two films 'Orderlies-Were'wolves' and 'The Tree cutter' which were filmed on film stock which had already expired, and thus the quality of the films is 'terrible'. But thanks to necrorealism and Ufit's sense of black humor, this is all justified. In my opinion, necrorealism - is an interpretation of the myth of the death of cinema in the context of the Soviet cinema. Because Evgeny Ufit - is a director and a human being - he has remained active, and he has had to find a way out, to be more exact, to understand - is their life after death? He wasn't satisfied with the idealistic interpretation of the after-life. Like any true materialist. He looked at the body and noticed that after death it is subjugated to a whole series of metamorphoses. A song from the film 'The Tree cutter' appeared at that time.

Our corpses are being eaten

Fat maggots crawl around,

After death, that's when

The life we've been waiting for, begins!

Figuratively speaking, Ufit transferred the metamorphoses of corpses onto the film industry: expired film, careless editing, the hero is either a corpse, a suicidal or half-dead. Compete madness, endless ideological battles filmed in high speed when you can't distinguish 'us' and 'them', and as a result the opinion is formed that this is simply about a bunch of guys hanging around in the next village, as one of the lines in the song goes.

From an interview with Ufit from CINEFANTOM:

Ufit. ...The first shoots were held in a large, crowded courtyard in the center of Leningrad, after I had got a fight going around a rubbish tip. We didn't manage to film for very long, about 20 minutes, as I (I was holding the cine camera) was marched off in a convey of policemen to the nearest police station, where I was read the book - I was accused of almost everything. Then they decided that my case was not part of their jurisdiction, sent me off to the RUVD, where they tormented me for a whole week, until the film was developed.

They looked at the film and didn't discover any compromising material apart from absolute madness. Then they let me go, advising me not to do this any more. I didn't take their advice and on the next day calmly continued filming.

CINEFANTOM: What aspect of our own culture has had the biggest effect on you?

Ufit: None of it has, with the possible exception of K. Mikaberidze's 'My Grandmother', but it is mostly an international work. Films from the French avant-garde of the 20's has effected me - 'Andaluzskiy dog', 'Golden Age', by L. Bunuel and 'The Shell and the Priest' by J. Dulak.

The influence of early Bunuel is particularly noticeable in Ufit's third film - 'Spring'. In his picture, Ufit began to pay more attention to the shot-construction, to editing, to the tactility of the visuals. He turned away from fast-speed filming. 'Spring' marked a new stage of development of Ufit's creative career. The dominating factor became a condition of depression, expectation. If there was any laughter at all, you wouldn't call it care-free.

Among Ufit's contemporaries, Andrey Mertvy figures, a talented actor and director, the co-creator of 'Spring'.

Oleg Kotelnikov. 30 years old. Artist. He works in animation. His biggest influences were Hering and Warhol. Because a group of artists usually work on a cartoon, his group was called 'North Pole' (apart from Kotelnikov, the group included A. Ovchinnikov, E. Kondratyev, the Inal brothers), and it is only possible to talk about collection authorship.

'North Pole's' methodology is simple: artists meet and a film is made. The first of the group's films was a cartoon made jointly by Kotelnikov and Medvedev, drawn with felt-tips onto transparent film, that is without any shooting at all. The group's animation films are an interpretation of the ideas from the paintings of the 'New Wild' group. A wide variety of materials are used: collages from newspapers and magazines, plasticine, sand, any old thing which happens to be lying around. There is a role-playing film; 'On the side of Olf', which is filmed in a communal flat. Its crazy action develops amongst corpses and half dead people, and thus is necrorealism. But this film, unlike Ufit's includes treatment of the emulsion of cine film with sharp objects and dies. Two worlds open up before the viewer: the real world and the drawn world. But this is simply a formalality, as the two worlds duplicate each other, then conflict each other, then complement and build on each other, they are absolutely independent. Animation is often used for the beginning sequences of feature films, such as in Kondratev's films 'Halley Comet' 'Nanainana', 'I forgot, idiot...', in Evgeny Ufit's 'The Tree Cutter. 'North Pole' created a video clip together with musicians from the rock group 'Igri'

Evgeny Kondatyev (idiot). 30 years old. He is the most mysterious person in parallel cinema. He has been involved in cinematography before he arrived in Leningrad, when he lived in Chernogorsk. In 1984 he became a member of the 'Mzhalalafilm' group.

He made several films using necrealistic ideas: 'Work and hunger', 'Nanainana', 'I forget, idiot...I' Unlike Ufit's films, which have a leaning towards lingering shots, to set up effects similar to the necrorealism of pathologic-anatomical atlases, in his first works, Kondratyev used a fast, rough edit, similar to clips, full of symbolism. The films are devoid of the meaning that gave other necrorealistic films a certain established character. These films work not only because of the subject of the films, but also because of the editing.

The three minute film 'I Forgot, Idiot...II' was a turning point for Kondratyev. For the first time there was a concept in Leningrad parallel cinema. The film begins with a series of titles, declaring that a 'boy from a pioneer camp, who had agreed to act in a film, left with some grand dads in a bus, never to be seen again. After the titles there are a few landscapes, and a man is seen walking towards the camera who suddenly disappears, and at the end of the film - blackness seen through a window. After the titles, the viewer is left with a feeling of expectancy, and he pays great attention to the few banally-shot scenes, at an incomprehensible man. The viewer knows that nothing is going to happening, but he can't take his eyes off the screen. The culmination of the film is reached at that point when the titles merge with the landscape. It is as if Kondratev off-handedly demonstrated here the initial strength of naive Lumerovsky cinematography in which there is an unexplained desire to see life reflected in cinema, then a desire to leave, like that brave pioneer boy in the illusive world of the silver screen.

Now Kondratyev has left necrorealism firmly behind and is working on the theory of vertical and incorrect cinema.

An excerpt from a letter by Kondratyev reads: "Authors, it seems to me, fight trying to find a space for themselves within the limitations that they have created for themselves. But illusion is endless. The dream of all surrealists was to create an illusion, but they used traditional language; editing and composition". Kondratyev strives towards an effect, when "the shot ends, the next one begins, and...!!! The viewer cannot understand - did he really see that or was it his imagination'. Kondratyev tries to return to the original sources of cinema, and is not afraid of being primitive. He suggests paying attention to such phenomena as the vertical direction of film as it moves through a camera, and to the fact that most movement is horizontal, in other words, to take a look into the sub consciousness of the cinematographic process, at that which most directors don't even think about, and take for granted. Kondratyev first of all gives his students-teenagers transparent and black exposed film and gets them to make films using without using a camera, with the help of sharp objects and dies, making an accent on the fact that for a film show, the projector is more important than a camera. Only after they have mastered these aces, do the kids begin to work with film making equipment.

Kondratyev began using the ideas of verticalness and incorrectness in the film 'Development of the Cinema. Part 1'. Horizontal primitive.' The point of the film is that he, in the process of teaching the viewer the basics of the cinema, is at the same time a study process for its author.

The films 'Fire in Nature' and 'Grezi' cannot be written about using the traditional language of film critics.

The best people to talk about the Leningrad group 'Che-Paev' are its creators. To quote from a booklet that they produced: 'The Leningrad cinematic group "Che-paev" was organized in the Spring of 1988 as a creative laboratory of the world wide Chapaev society'. The group set itself the task of theoretical research in the area of contemporary cinematography, and also practical propaganda of total Chapaevian ideas. The main direction of the group can be seen in its name, which unites the names of two key figures of the heroic pantheon - Ernesto Che Gevaro and V. I Chapaev. The artistic manner of the group was formed directly under the influence of the Leningrad 'New Cinema', particularly by such representatives as Evgeny Kondratyev, Evgeny Ufit and Andrey Mertviy. The concept of single heroic time, developed by art theoretician Olga Lepestkova had a particular influence on the group.

The group produced the films: 'Alchoholism - to Battle!', 'Present to a Lonely Moscovite', 'Battle for the Navy', 'Details of Icing-Over', 'Symmetrical Cinema', 'Movement', 'Chapaev'.

As Alexei Feoktistov wrote in his article: 'the film group "Che-Paev" presents the concept of true Marxist-Leninist cinema, in as much as the universal improvement of authentic realty automatically assumes the total improvement of the individual. Practically speaking, they suggest an improvement of social consciousness through cinema'.

Apart from O. Lepestkova and A. Feoktistov, Maxmud Pizhamskii also joined the group, the poet Kirill Sluchainiy and the composer Zakhar Nikolaev cooperate closely with it.

In 1988, Alexander Sokurev created the 'Leningrad Film School', which four parallel cinema authors joined: Yevgeny Ufit, Igor Bezrukov, Denis Kuzmin and Konstantin Mitenev. Sokurev stresses that he is not their teacher, he is only helping them on an organizational level.

Parallel cinema is not yet developing so fast in Moscow as in Leningrad. Moscovites' creativity is completely different from that of the Leningrad contemporaries. This is connected with different cultural traditions. Putting it very roughly, the main difference is that Moscovites try to govern cinematic language, using distance. Leningradians are getting more and more deeply involved in the new cinematic world that they have created.

Boris Ukhananov. Thirty one. Video director. The first thing that needs to be emphasized, is that he is not involved in the cinema. Ukhananov is the first to point this out. Cinema and video are different art forms. Ukhananov calls his whole video production as a "video novel in a thousand cassettes". That is, it is an uninterrupted work (the end of which is foreseen in the distant future), and divided up like a novel is, into chapters. Ukhananov works on each chapter in different capacities, from the point of view of the director in one, from the actor's point of view in another, from a stylistic point of view and so on... Ukhananov has also introduced the concept of the 'matrix'. The whole video novel - is a 'megamatrix'. The 'matrix' is material from one of the chapters, a complete literate expression. But Ukhananov plans to work with the 'matrix' further, and create 'variations'. The journey from the 'matrix' to the 'variants' is carried out by 'postructuralist editing'.

Speaking at the Leningrad conference 'Youth Culture' in 1988, Ukhananov said:

"...Firstly I should say a few words about video authoring. The video author combines or strives to combine the work of the cameraman and director as the key person who drives, determines the composition and development of video creation. It is even possible to say that the creation of a video is conducive with the striving of the camera to merge with the video author.

"I identify three levels of this merging. We will call this object... a video centaur, and describe three different ways in which it appears: video-eye, video-body and video-hand... Generally speaking these are completely different principles of inter-relationships with the world and the camera.

Ukhananov is one of the CINEFANTOM journal's editors; he manages the 'converstaions on video' section.

Ukhananov doesn't stop with what he has already done. Recently he began to work with a new concept - 'fatal edit'. This is editing inside the video camera. The technology can be described as follows: the 'matrix' is filmed, then the cassette is not taken out of the camera, but new material is filmed in 'dabs' on top of the already existing, shot video. As a result, a ready video film is taken out of the video camera.

Ukhananov also teaches. The 'Free University' was formed in Leningrad in 1988 - this was the first independent university in the USSR which provided a humanitarian education. The university has theatrical studios, a film and video production department, a literature department, a history of art department, a painting department and a music department. Ukhananov heads the department of individual film and video direction, where he teaches together with other patricians and theoreticians of parallel cinema.

The Aleinikov brothers. Igor is twenty seven. I am twenty three. We have been filming together for two years, and have made dozens of 16mm films and two on 35mm. Igor Aleinikov has been involved with cinema since he was nineteen, and without my involvement, created over ten films on 16mm and 35mm. Writing manifestos is not our thing. Working at the end of the postmodern epoch (we still relate to being postmodernists), without tiring ourselves out on concrete movements, styles, genres of film. There is an element of social comment in our films, such as in 'Cruel Illness of Men', 'Metastasi' and 'Attraction'. And there are films in which the ideas of Moscow conceptualism are to be found, such as 'Tractors', 'The End of the Film'. We liken irony to alienation. The film 'I am Cold. So What?' is a kind of creative self-reflex. We have shot a few cartoon films. You can say that we are experimenters. But the experiment is not so much to do with creating a new language but in coming to terms with and using the existing cinema structure, a broadening of the language of cinema at the cost of other types of Art.

We want the viewer to understand our films, and for that we try and look into the consciousness of the viewer. In this, we consider that apart from a minimal knowledge of cinema culture, it is important for us to understand such sciences as semiotics, psychology, the physiology of perception, the theory of information and others. Igor Aleinikov is also involved in social cinema activities, which is a quite separate form of creativity. He is the founder and the editor-in-chief of the journal CINEFANTOM, the organizer of the festival of parallel cinema (the first festival was held in 1987).

And so, parallel cinema - is not made up of isolated films 'made by mischievous young people', as Soviet press refers to us, but a new movement in cinema culture, which is already bringing fruit. Dreams are coming true.

Published in the magazine 'ISSKUSTVO KINO' (THE ART OF CINEMA), No. 6, 1989.




Igor and Gleb Aleynikov, Pyotr Pospelov, Boris Yukhananov, Yevgeny Yufit, Yevgeny Kondratyev (Debil (Numskull), Sergey Bugayev (Africa) screen their films in studios and their friends' apartments. They do not know each other and learn about each other from their audience. The audience react to the screenings with delight and amazement: such movies are absolutely not like usual movies shot by cine amateurs.


Igor Aleynikov starts to issue a samizdat hand-written journal CINE FANTOM. In the journal is issues of cinema history and theory are covered. There is no analogue to the CINE FANTOM journal in the official cinema press.


Brothers Aleynikov get acquainted with Yufit, Yukhananov, Pospelov. Igor thinks out a term "parallel cinema" which is aimed to unite their movies that are so different from each other.


In November the First parallel cinema festival CINE FANTOM takes place almost secretly takes place. Independent filmmakers from Moscow, Leningrad, Riga, Tallinn, Vilnus, Tula, Perm take part in it; besides, a block of works by western video artists, provided by INFERMENTAL, an international video journal, is demonstrated there. A Reuters correspondent visits the festival opening. As the result the information about the CINE FANTOM festival is divulged throughout the world. An article regarding parallel cinema is published in Korea Herald, a South Korean newspaper. Goskino SSSR receives an order to find out ,what parallel cinema actually is.


Perestroika is speeding in USSR, and the government needs examples of intellectual renovation of the country. Taking this occasion, parallel cinema comes into the open and becomes a socially significant movement. Brothers Aleynikov, Boris Yukhananov and Yevgeny Yufit become characters of perestroika press.

Boris Yukhananov organizes Individual Direction Workshop that is theatre, institute of higher education and an art laboratory at the same time.


The Second parallel cinema festival CINE FANTOM takes place in Leningrad. Screenings have enormous success.

Yevgeny Yufit, being supported by Aleksey German, launches his short movie Rutsary Podnebesya/Firmament Knights at Lenfilm film studio.

Brothers Aleynikov make their debut by their movie Zdes kto-to byl/Someone has been here at Mosfilm film studio.


In 1990 the last seventeenth issue of the CINE FANTOM journal is published. Actuality of samizdat press comes to naught and all efforts to publish a full value journal lead to nothing.

Retrospectives of parallel cinema are being demonstrated throughout the world.


Full-length debut movies of Yevgeny Yufit (Papa, umer ded Moroz/Daddy, Jack Frost has died) and of brothers Aleynikov (Traktoristy-2/Tractor Drivers-2).


Parallel cinema is becoming history. Moreover, for two years in a row festivals of alternative cinema and video, organized by the program Exotica has taken place in Moscow. Brothers Aleynikov, being judges and having seen the works, sent from the whole country, come to conclusion that parallel cinema is still of current importance in Russia.

In March 1994 Igor Aleynikov dies in a plane accident.


Students of Individual Direction Workshop actively shoot movies.

Exotica program organizes the third festival of alternative cinema and video.

In November the CINE FANTOM club starts its work in the Moscow Cinema Museum. Club organizers: Gleb Aleynikov, Olga Lyalina, Boris Yukhananov, Aleksander Dulerain, Inna Kolosova, Dmitry Troitsky, Olga Stolpovskaya.


Screenings and discussions of contemporary Russian alternative cinema and video, of retrospectives of Russian and western avant-garde cinema take place in the club. Programs, composed by western curators, are constantly being shown. A film critic Naum Kleiman, director of Cinema Museum, gives lectures on cinema history.

Andrey Silvestrov, Oleg Khaibullin, Danil Lebedev start actively taking part in events of the club.

The club organizes CINE FANTOM festivals in 1997 and 1998 in Cinema Museum and in the Dom club in 1999.


The club organizers come to conclusion that its idea is played out, and the CINE FANTOM club ceases to exist.


In March 2002 in Cinema Museum Gleb Aleynikov organizes memorial meeting dedicated to his brother. After the films screening it is obvious that people are still interested in parallel cinema. A decision is made to reactivate CINE FANTOM club.

The club reactivates in Cinema Museum in May, but only three screenings are carried out. Andrey Silvestrov takes part in the last screening with the film program "Better porn than never", which discontents Naum Kleiman, director of Cinema Museum.

Cinema Museum refuses from co-operation with the CINE FANTOM club.


In May CINE FANTOM club organizes a festival in Bulgaria. Screenings are successfully held in Sofia Cinema House.


New people enter the club. Founders of the renovated CINE FANTOM club: Gleb Aleynikov, Nataliya Aksenova, Aleksander Bezzaborkin, Marina Bukharova, Aleksander Dulerain, Lenka Kabankova, Аnna Kiselyova, Inna Kolosova, Danil Lebedev, Stepan Lukianov, Milena Musina, Yegor Popov, Ruslan Rashkevitch, Andrey Silvestrov, Oleg Khaibullin, Boris Yukhananov. The club reactivates. Starting from September 1, supported by CTC Television channel, film screenings and their discussions and take place in Fitil movie theatre.


Rating: 3.5 - 7 voto(s).

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14-06-09_ The Manson Family
14-06-09_ Las paradojas del ARTE
17-09-09_ John Wisniewski interviews Jack Sargeant
24-05-09_Matar al padre
10-05-09_ Autista, bisexual, flaca, pequeña y peligrosa
19-04-09_ CONTROL
09-02-09_ The Archers Manifesto
15-12-08_ El destino del cine como arte * Jacques Rancière
26-10-08_ Películas extrañas
01-11-08_ La ética que Hollywood nos dejó
11-10-08_ VERTOV * El hombre y la cámara
18-09-09_ A Walk Into the Sea * Danny Williams and the Warhol Factory
20-09-08_ Derek Jarman * JUBILEE
18-09-09_ Los organos sin cuerpo de Hitchcock
20-07-08_ Stanley Kubrick's Boxes
22-07-08_ Jack Chambers * The hart of London
18-09-09_ 50 AÑOS CON "VÉRTIGO" 1958-2008 (I) * Intro 
15-06-08_ El estúpido ritmo de los demás
22-07-08_ LIQUID SKY ;-)
25-06-08_ TAKESHI KITANO * Master Class + El imprevisible (txt)
15-06-08_ El cine según Slavoj Zizek
15-06-08_ BLAST of SILENCE
25-05-08_ Koji Wakamatsu
11-05-08_ Tulse Puper !¡ 1...2...3...
23-04-08_ Agitar, protestar, educar
27-04-08_ Leer en la oscuridad
27-04-08_ DIVINE TRASH
13-04-08_ Humildad sublime
24-03-08_ Stan Brakhage * Interview with Pip Chodorov
08-06-08_ The tao of Cristina Ricci
27-02-08_ Las películas de Philip K. Dick
17-03-08_ Crispin Glover * What it is? + The Big Problem (dou pack)
22-02-08_ Christina Ricci * Penelope
24-03-08_ Nobuo Takahashi: Godzilla, al revés
24-03-08_ CREENCIA Y PENSAMIENTO * ética y práctica del cine en la filosofía de Gilles Deleuze
02-03-08_ I'm fucking Matt Damon
24-03-08_ De la verosimilitud a la autenticidad * Atonement, un caso práctico
12-01-08_ BE KIND REWIND
19-12-07_ BitTorrent, A Boom To Independent Filmmakers
26-12-07_ Groupe MEDVEDKINE
02-12-07_ Ernie Gehr y el cine sin argumento
02-12-07_ Documental y Ficción, Masculino/Femenino
11-12-07_ El cinematógrafo como forma artística
30-11-07_ Chris Marker * Ensayo Fílmico ;-)
09-12-07_ Promesas del Este...
24-11-07_Still Life
16-11-07_ The five obstructions
01-01-08_ Montaje del desastre
26-09-07_ Por qué nos gusta tanto "El hombre de los ojos de Rayos X"
10-10-07_ Entrevista * Gyorgy Lukacs (va de cine)
16-09-07_ Entrevista* Orson Wells
25-09-07_Caotica Ana y la cosmogonia
25-09-07_Last minute
11-09-07_ Naomi Klein y Alfonso Cuaron
25-08-07_ Removiendo turbias raices con agua de primavera
10-05-08_ Easy Riders, Raging Bulls: How the Sex, Drugs and Rock 'N' Roll Generation Saved Hollywood
04-08-07_ "Euphoria", una historia sobre el amor brutal
03-08-07_ 28 osstias te daba yo
25-08-07_ The Pirate Bay Launches Bergmanbits, A Tribute to Ingmar Bergman
05-08-07_ Avant-Garde: Experimental Cinema of the 1920s and '30s
31-07-07_ Después de todo
23-07-07_ Raymond Salvatore Harmon: Secrets & Light
31-07-07_ Lo has visto ya todo, no hay nada más que ver ...
06-07-07_ Beat Takeshi, generación beat, no me digas nada -Takeshi's, Last Days, Carlos Pazos
26-06-07_ X men
26-06-07_ Wanderlust
29-05-07_ The evolution of snuff
23-04-08_ Fay Grim * Hal Hartley
30-05-07_ Shorts and Hal Hartley Interview
26-06-07_ Maya Deren * The complete films
26-08-07_ INLAND EMPIRE * El desierto de lo imaginario
01-01-08_ Two short films by David Lynch
30-03-07_ Grandes diálogos: Marathon Man
30-03-07_ La vida de los otros
30-03-07_ Soviet/Russian Parallel Cinema
09-04-07_ Sátántángo * Bela Tarr
18-03-07_ The fountain * Darren Aronofsky (2006)
14-03-07_ David Cronenberg and the cinema of the extreme (1997)
22-02-07_ The End * Christopher Mclaine
01-08-07_ Clint Talks
08-07-07_¿Qué es el acto de creación? * Gilles Deleuze 
16-02-07_ Akira Kurosawa * Rashomon
09-07-07_ Entrevista * Takeshi Kitano (BEAT TAkeshi)
11-02-07_ Frente a un diluvio de películas. Redescubrir a Kracauer
06-02-07_ Factory Blah
31-05-07_ Jean-Luc Godard por JLG
07-02-07_  Por un cine de exposición * Jean-Christophe Royoux
27-04-08_ Primer * The movie... [actualizado 25_03_08]

25-01-07_ This film is not yet rated
23-01-07_ Mishima: Yukoku - Rite of Love & Death
16-01-07_ NYSUFILMS
30-08-07_ Performance * the movie
08-01-07_ A propósito de "Volver"
07-01-07_ A Pack of Apocalypse. When? Now.
03-01-07_Introduction to "Avant-Garde Film"
03-01-07_ The Heart Is Deceitful Above All Things
16-01-08_ Skidoo: Otto Preminger's Unreleased Classic
25-12-06_ Orson Welles: The one-man band
22-12-06_ Plan 9 From Outer Space * Ed Wood
22-12-06_ A Scanner Darkly * PKD
22-12-06_ F is for Fake + Almost true
20-12-06_ Searching for the wrong-eyed Jesus
20-12-06_ Los "vacíos" de Antonioni
10-12-06_ Tarnation * Subjetividades renovadas
24-11-06_ Devenir secular de la simultaneidad en el cine
28-11-06_ Iraq for sale, la nueva película de Robert Greenwald
14-11-06_ Nobody wants your film
01-11-06_A PSA on Piracy
26-10-06_Pequeña Miss Sunshine
22-10-06_Werner Schroeter * The Death of Maria Malibran
22-10-06_Sherlock Holmes y la mujer araña
26-10-06_A Scanner Darkly ****
18-10-06_Temporada de patos
17-10-06_Toshio Matsumoto * Experimental Film Works
08-10-06_Forbidden Zone
08-10-06_Old Joy * Kelly Reichardt
29-09-06_El momento de volver a partir
08-10-06_The Devil and Daniel Johnston
29-09-06_Cine por el morro en Barcelona
28-09-06_The Queen: an elegiac prophecy
19-09-06_Le Grand Bouffe 1973
19-09-06_La Dalia Negra Review: cagada y consenso
17-09-06_Lenny Bruce * Thank You, Mask Man
16-09-06_Paris forever and ever
13-09-06_Film as a Subversive Art: Amos Vogel and Cinema 16
11-09-06_The Cowboy and the Frenchman * David Lynch
08-09-06_If Footmen Tire You, What Will Horses Do?
16-09-06_Man Bites Dog director dies at 38
05-09-06_Spectres & Tribulation
05-09-06_The Fountain * Darren Aronofsky * Venecia
30-08-06_Spike lee * When The Levees Broke
03-09-06_Steal This Film
05-09-06_El coro que llevamos en la cabeza
27-09-09_ Legendary Epics Yarns and Fables: Stan Brakhage
16-04-08_ The Pervert's Guide To Cinema  [actualizado 25_03_08]
13-08-06_dotsub and IMPD
06-08-06_John Huston, el hombre que no quiso reinar
04-08-06_Going C.R.A.Z.Y.
28-07-06_‘Scoop’: Shades of Nick and Nora, With Woody Allen’s Shtick
22-07-06_I See Good Movies
01-07-06_El señor de la guerra
30-06-06_The Viagra Auteurs
28-06-06_Andy Warhol * A documentary by Kim Evans
28-06-06_The Films of Jack Goldstein
14-10-07_ Cinema of Transgression
08-06-06_The Net
07-06-06_Lev Manovich * What is Digital Cinema?
04-06-06_Michael Snow * Wavelength
05-06-06_Robert Rauschenberg * Linoleum
05-06-06_ Robert Morris & Stan VanDerBeek
05-06-06_ Gene Youngblood * Expanded Cinema
05-06-06_William S. Burroughs * The Cut-Ups
13-04-08_ The Weather Underground [updated 25_03_'08]
05-06-06_Francis Ford Coppola * The Junky’s Christmas
06-06-06_Alfred Leslie * The Last Clean Shirt
17-05-06_¿Por qué querrá Sam la cabeza de Al?
15-05-06_Agnes Varda: Black Panthers - Huey!
06-06-06_Alternative 3
04-08-06_Rosellini a los 100 * Decálogo de un insurrecto
04-05-06_El amor en los tiempos venideros * Codigo 46
04-05-06_Art is for pussies
21-04-06_A User's Guide to the TriBeCa Film Festival
02-04-06_Kim Ki-duk * El arco
29-03-06_The worst of the worst: 10 bottom films of 2005
27-03-06_A Filmmaking Robot
29-03-06_Horror Show
24-03-06_Young. Beautiful. Deadly revisited
20-03-06_Matthew Barney | The Cremaster Cycle
17-03-06_Thank you for Smoking
19-03-06_Anarchy in the U.K.
08-03-06_Pequeños consejos para cortometrajistas
07-03-06_Cine de ciencia ficción
06-03-06_Entrevista | Jeanne Moreau Actriz [EXP]
05-03-06_Mondovino * Agitación necesaria
05-03-06_Bush da nueva vida al cine político * Siriana
24-02-06_Transamérica / Amor de p/madre
18-02-06_La Mayor pelicula irlandesa: Film, de Samuel Beckett
07-02-06_El miedo al mono en v.o.
07-02-06_James Mangold
05-02-06_Lee Tamahori detenido por prostitución
03-02-06_Philip Seymour Hoffman
29-01-06_Sundance premia 'La ruta natural'
29-01-06_Lírica visual / UNSEEN CINEMA
23-01-06_Borrascas personales
20-01-06_Whither the DIY Auteurs of DV?
17-01-06_Goons of New York
16-01-06_El club de las olas
13-01-06_El lado oscuro de la épica
11-01-06_Coke Classic
11-01-06_La muerte, probablemente
09-01-06_Jon Stewart, Oscar Host
08-01-06_I Like to Watch
06-01-06_Brokeback Mountain
23-12-05_A Revenger's Odyssey in Pursuit of Terrorists
12-12-05_Variety 100 años / 100 iconos del cine
06-12-05_Thinking Outside the Box Office / interview with Steven Soderbergh
03-12-05_ Flores Rotas: «Introducing» Ramón, El gato del milenio
01-12-05_Primer » Shane Carruth
08-06-05_Victor Erice » El sol del membrillo
06-06-05_Ivan Zulueta » Arrebato
06-06-05_Ridley Scott » El reino de los cielos (Vaya cruz)



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