e-limbo, e-zine de informacion y analasis de modos de vida actual
 
19.10.2017 / Sesión no Iniciada 
_Sociedad

 _enviar articulo

e-mail emisor
e-mail receptor
Ayúdanos a evitar contactos automáticos
Anti Spam
Texto
 

En estos tiempos de hipercomunicación bastaría la invitación de enviar a un amigo cualquiera de los textos que consideres interesantes algo redundante: demasiada comunicación, demasiados textos y , en general, demasiado de todo.
Es posible que estemos de acuerdo... pero cuando encuentras algo interesante en cualquier sitio, la red, la calle, tu casa, o un lugar escondido y remoto, compartirlo no sólo es un acto (acción, hecho) de amistad o altruismo, también es una manera de ahorrar tiempo a los demás (y de que te lo ahorren a ti (si eres afortunado) a costa del tiempo que tu has podido derrochar (emplear) y el gustazo de mostrar que estuviste ahí (o donde fuera ) un poco antes (el tiempo ya no es más el que era).
Comparte con tus conocidos aquello que encuentras, es evolución.
The global politics of cricket
13-09-06 opendemocracy.net  

 

England gave the world cricket. But the power to shape the game's rules is moving to the nations of the developing world, says Ehsan Masood.

In Lagaan, a Bollywood film set in British India, an experienced team of British soldiers challenge farmers from a village  to a game of cricket. But this is to be no ordinary match. If the villagers win, the crippling tax (lagaan) they owe to the Raj is to be waived. If they lose, the tax is to be trebled. None of the farmers have played before, and the district's feudal prince begs them not to become lambs to the slaughter. But the villagers, whose captain is played by actor-director Aamir Khan, feel they have little to lose as the tax is already unaffordable. For readers who may not have seen this film, I won't spoil the ending. What I can say is that it is another example of how a global audience is reading and watching the history of India from its own perspective.


I was reminded of the film last month when a match between England and Pakistan ended abruptly amid much controversy on 20 August. As with the fictional Lagaan, this real game of cricket between a rich nation and its (former) colony offered its spectators the same mix of sport, power, colonial politics, allegations of racism and cheating, together with flashes of comedy. Its cast even included the descendant of royalty in the shape of Shahryar Khan, chair of Pakistan's cricket-governing board and the country's former ambassador to London; his grandmother was the queen of Bhopal in north India.

But life extended art as well as mirrored it. In a match between Pakistan's national side and England, the visitors were accused by Darrell Hair, an umpire from Australia, of tampering with the ball (and thus cheating). Pakistan's players denied the charge vehemently, but went further by briefly refusing to continue playing - even though they were poised to win the match. Controversially, the umpire decided to award the game to England because under cricket's "laws", a side that refuses to play is judged automatically to lose a match. In addition, the game's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), announced there would be a hearing into the conduct of the Pakistan side.

Within hours, the abandoned game became an international diplomatic incident. General Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan is reported to have made a supportive phone call to his team's captain Inzamul Haq; Australia's John Howard meanwhile, voiced support for his country's umpire's decision to stick with the letter of the law.

In Pakistan, meanwhile, where cricket is a national obsession, effigies of the umpire were burnt. The controversy was debated in parliament, and the Supreme Court Bar Association set up a team of jurists to "defend the honour of the country and the cricket team". Five days after the aborted match, Pakistan's team felt vindicated in its protest when it emerged that the umpire had offered to resign - in return for $500,000 in lost earnings - to close the issue.

A pendulum swing

Cricket is an anomaly in global sport. It is played across the world, but at the highest level, the ten leading teams consists of England - where the game was invented, possibly as far back as 1550 - and countries with which it has a long, close historical association: Australia, New Zealand and seven former British colonies from the developing world (including South Africa, India and Pakistan).

Not a huge amount has changed in the two centuries since cricket became an international sport. Matches between nations - known as "tests" - are still played over five full days with generous breaks for "lunch" and "tea" in the afternoon. Players still wear white uniforms. Cricket bats are still made from two pieces of wood from the willow tree; and balls are still hand-made from string that is tightly bound and encased inside two leather hemispheres. The positions on the cricket field still use singular terms such as "short-leg" and "silly-point".

That a 21st-century sport resolutely retains an 18th century feel is partly - even mostly - down to the Marylebone Cricket Club, the body that makes the game's laws since its founding in 1787 in London. Until 1964, England and Australia alternately shared cricket's top spot. But since then England's form has declined, and other teams have improved, notably the West Indies side, which (according to the evidence of Peter Hartland's excellent The Balance of Power in Test Cricket, 1877-1998) was the best in the world for fifteen consecutive years until 1994. But you wouldn't know that the world of cricket has changed if your only window was the MCC. It sees itself as the guardian of what it calls "the spirit of cricket". Seven of the world's top-ten teams may be from developing countries, but the MCC and its key committees are chaired by people from one country: England.

How cricket is played in England and Australia also dominates the MCC's coaching manuals, and activities that have a knowledge component. Indeed, it is this issue that is at the heart of the current ball-tampering controversy between Pakistan and the umpire Darrell Hair.

Cricket in Australia and England is played mostly on cut and well-maintained grass surfaces. In contrast, in the developing world it is played mostly on gravel, stone or concrete surfaces, where a leather ball quickly becomes scuffed and becomes less spherical. Different playing conditions necessitate different playing techniques, and one of the techniques that many bowlers from Asia and the Caribbean countries have perfected is to be able to make a ball change direction sharply in mid-flight and at high speed.

Such movement, known as "reverse swing", needs a ball to have been in use for some time; and for one half to be shiny, the other half to have been scuffed. This is achieved relatively quickly in playing environments in India and Pakistan, and bowlers (such as Pakistan's former cricket captain, now politician, Imran Khan) are particularly good at inducing sudden changes in flight with an older cricket-ball.

The MCC, however, does not look kindly on reverse-swing. It recently introduced a new law penalising teams that scuff a ball too much. If you look up MCC Masterclass, the MCC coaching book, there is no description of how to do reverse-swing bowling. Instead, the bowling techniques it describes are those commonly used by bowlers in Australia and England.

A new balance

In a curiously democratic sort of way, while the MCC sets the rules, it does not enforce them. The twin roles of executive, judiciary (and much more) fall to a single organisation, the ICC, which is responsible for the game's umpires and referees, handling misconduct allegations, as well as training, development, sponsorship and negotiating TV rights. Unlike the MCC, The council is governed by representatives of different cricket-playing nations.

Until 2005, both the MCC and the ICC were based at the Lords cricket ground in London. But in August of that year the ICC moved to Dubai in what is seen as a deliberate push by the cricket governing bodies of Asia to break the symbolic dominance of England over ICC affairs.

It is no secret that ICC member-countries are frustrated with the MCC, and will no doubt use the Pakistan affair to press for reform in the MCC - in the very least for players and ex-players of other nations to become part of its governance structure. This will be no bad thing. The saying "It's not cricket" is used to criticise something that is considered unfair. The MCC needs to look into the mirror, and ask whether the way it sets the laws really "is cricket". When it does so, it may also discover just how far the rest of the world has moved on.


opendemocracy.net

This article originally appeared on openDemocracy.net under a Creative Commons licence. To view the original article, please click here.




   
 

Rating: 4 - 1 voto(s).

   
_COMENTARIOS
No existen comentarios.
Comentario / Comment:
  atención: para realizar comentarios tienes que ser usuario registrado.
        

_HistÓrico_Sociedad

12-04-16_ Como salir del odio: entrevista al filósofo Jacques Rancière
10-01-10_ ¿ Y si el asombro llegara a su fin? * UMBERTO ECO
31-08-08_ Juegos en PEKÍN
16-11-07_ Bunker Spreckels * Los excesos de un depredador
14-10-07_Marshall McLuhan * GAMES
04-09-07_ Chapoteando en el asfalto (como chupetear cabezas de camarones)
03-08-07_ Good copy, bad copy
09-07-07_ La familia y Münster
12-05-07_ Tom, Mickey, DeLillo... un hombre de verdad y otros atajos...
08-05-07_ La rara lengua: los pirahas
03-05-07_How Japanese Toys Conquered the World
24-04-07_ Gapminder disponible para todos...
21-04-07_ La iglesia católica elimina el limbo: sólo quedamos nosotros.
15-04-07_ The U.S. Vs John Lennon
02-06-07_ To Die Upon the Hand I Love So Well
04-04-07_ Clases de dibujo
04-03-07_ 9 classic educational films about drugs, sex and alcohol
02-03-07_ Confesiones de un pecador en el s.XXI
28-02-07_ Victor Manuel... atrapado por su pasado
10-06-08_ La alegría de vivir después del fin del arte
18-02-07_ Why Some of Us Don't Have Emotional Intelligence...
06-02-07_ Espías como nosotros
01-02-07_ The Great Afterlife Debate * Michael Shermer v. Deepak Chopra
29-01-07_ The Apotheosis of David Beckham
27-01-07_ Memento Mori
18-01-07_ Quiero dejar de no vivir
15-01-07_ Los nuevos feminismos (en El Pais)
14-01-07_ Voting with your trolley
07-01-07_ Sin menear el bigote
06-01-07_ Esto son 200 calorías
17-12-06_ Ablación * La tiranía de la superstición
09-12-06_ Odio Barcelona
07-12-06_ Probability beach
14-11-06_ SOTOK * más allá del más allá
10-11-06_ Madrid defeats Barcelona * Here's Why
03-11-06_Do Countries have strategies?
01-11-06_600 millones de euros
01-11-06_ Asesinos bendecidos
27-10-06_Montilla Nocilla (no silla)
25-10-06_Battle of the New Atheism
30-09-06_Campeonato del mundo de Ajedrez * Chips en el retrete
21-09-06_aclamados artistas contemporáneos
13-09-06_Breve Diccionario de Español para extranjeros (futbolistas)
13-09-06_The global politics of cricket
17-08-06_Un retrato del Siglo XXI
15-08-06_Speedo freaks
03-08-06_El periodismo deportivo
28-07-06_Muhammad Ali
22-07-06_Why Diving Makes Soccer Great * In defense of soccer's biggest villains.
27-06-06_Antes de hacer ejercicio, tome cerezas
10-05-08_ Como jugar Mahjong
27-06-06_It's inequality, love
13-06-06_Raúl asume con tristeza su suplencia... cachis
04-06-06_Planeta fútbol
05-06-06_Big interview * Lewis Hamilton
07-06-06_By the Light of the Equipment
07-06-06_The Super Fight
19-04-06_Wanna piece of this?
29-03-06_Federer Redux: More Than a Household Name
12-03-06_Cómo robar arte y colocarlo en el mercado
26-02-06_The Opposite of Doping
03-08-07_ La resurrección del dios argentino
08-02-06_Schumi contra Schumi
08-02-06_This Is My Board
03-02-06_For Surfers, All Waves Lead to Hawaii
26-01-06_The Underdog: How I Survived The World's Most Outlandish Competitions - Joshua Davis
27-01-06_Ferrari, ganar o cambiar
20-01-06_Tigris Mystic contre Boulogne Boys
18-01-06_Sepuku entre las piernas
16-01-06_Ayudas nutricionales de riesgo
09-01-06_He shoots! He scores!
19-12-05_The Super Fight
05-12-05_George Best: ¡No mueran como yo!
03-11-05_Male Athletes Aren't Ready for Gay Teammates
03-09-05_La rebelión histórica
09-06-06_Hagakure
29-09-05_Bushido
19-06-05_El cielo sobre ruedas
31-05-05_Joseph Ratzinger y los neumáticos de Valentino Rossi

_ORBITAL_Sociedad

_Servicios

test
Regístrate y disfruta de utilidades de administración y gestión de los contenidos de e-limbo*
Recibe las novedades en tu correo electronico.
El futuro está escrito en las estrellas... Horóscopo creado por J.G. Ballard y dedicado a todos vosotros.
Aplicaciones y herramientas necesarias para navegar y utilizar los contenidos del limbo electrónico e internet (www).
Artículos de e-limbo* en formato PDF preparados para viajar y aportar información allá donde estés. (y seguir salvando árboles)

_e-limbo * apoya

test

_Multimedia

_AUDIO >
Mais uma edição do podcast Música Livre para o Archivo Vivo, do Centro Cultural da Espanha/AECID. ...
_PODCAST >
Ante preguntas de oyentes y amigos, puedo responder ahora que Vía Límite continuará en Radio ...
_VIDEO >
SORPRESA¡!¡! An unreleased version of Talking Heads' "Psycho Killer" with Arthur Russell on cello
Optimizado: Firefox, Safari, Mozilla, Netscape, Konqueror, Explorer. Resolución óptima: 1024x768
ISSN: 1885-5229    Aviso Legal e-limbo.org*