e-limbo, e-zine de informacion y analasis de modos de vida actual
14.10.2019 / Sesión no Iniciada 
_Wabi Sabi

 _enviar articulo

e-mail emisor
e-mail receptor
Ayúdanos a evitar contactos automáticos
Anti Spam

En estos tiempos de hipercomunicación bastaría la invitación de enviar a un amigo cualquiera de los textos que consideres interesantes algo redundante: demasiada comunicación, demasiados textos y , en general, demasiado de todo.
Es posible que estemos de acuerdo... pero cuando encuentras algo interesante en cualquier sitio, la red, la calle, tu casa, o un lugar escondido y remoto, compartirlo no sólo es un acto (acción, hecho) de amistad o altruismo, también es una manera de ahorrar tiempo a los demás (y de que te lo ahorren a ti (si eres afortunado) a costa del tiempo que tu has podido derrochar (emplear) y el gustazo de mostrar que estuviste ahí (o donde fuera ) un poco antes (el tiempo ya no es más el que era).
Comparte con tus conocidos aquello que encuentras, es evolución.
Drinking Problem? Try Drugs
19-04-06 Seleccionado por: Arty Show 

by Suzanne Leigh
The story of Irish soccer sensation George Best, who died last November at 59, resonates with many of the 18 million Americans who abuse or are addicted to alcohol.

The Manchester United player had wowed the world in the '60s and '70s with his fancy footwork and Gaelic good looks. But he died heavily in debt after falling off the wagon following an operation to replace his liver, irreparably damaged after decades of hard drinking.

Like many alcoholics, Best's drive to drink transcended his will to survive.

Until recently, physicians had little in their arsenal to help drinkers conquer their cravings. That might explain why so few seek help -- just 1.5 million Americans underwent any kind of treatment for "alcohol problems" in 2002, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration in the Department of Health and Human Services. Some drugs are available now to treat alcoholism, including ReVia, which has had limited success because it must be taken daily -- an obstacle for some alcoholics. Antabuse is a harsh deterrent that causes flushing, sweating, nausea and rapid heartbeat. A third treatment, Campral, should only be taken after the patient has achieved sobriety.

And last Thursday, the Food and Drug Administration approved Vivitrol, developed by Massachusetts-based Alkermes. Vivitrol is a monthly injection form of ReVia and works by dampening the desire for alcohol. Clinical trials demonstrated that patients who took the drug in tandem with counseling cut their heavy drinking days from 19 a month to just three. Another group that received a placebo and counseling drank six days a month.

What is remarkable about Vivitrol and the drugs currently being studied on alcoholics is that, unlike abstinence programs, their success is not measured exclusively by the duration of a patient's sobriety. There's an unspoken acknowledgment among experts that while lifelong abstinence is the gold standard, reducing intake beats consistent hard drinking.

Dr. Linda Garcia, medical director of the Alaska-based addiction program My Way Out, which combines drugs and dietary supplements with hypnotherapy, diet and exercise modifications, believes that cutting alcohol consumption for a problem drinker is the same as cutting sugars for a diabetic.

"The less an individual binges on harmful sugars or alcohol, the less damage to tissue and injury to other organs. If abstinence cannot be completely achieved, we try to minimize exposure as best we can," she says.

Garcia, an internist, believes there are no miracle cures. But however questionable the efficacy of drugs to treat alcoholism, the fact that more medications are becoming available may mean the medical community is finally moving in the right direction.

Also vying for a spot on physicians' prescription pads is Topamax, an anti-seizure and migraine medication. Although Topamax is not approved for alcoholism, the FDA does not object to so-called off-label use. However, because it has not been extensively studied on alcoholics and doctors don't know how long it should be taken, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism does not recommend Topamax in its 2005 clinician's guide for treating patients with drinking problems.

But early research looks optimistic, and some physicians are already quietly prescribing it. A study in 2003 found that alcoholics on Topamax reported drinking three fewer drinks per day than a placebo group. Dr. Bankole Johnson, chairman of the department of psychiatric medicine at the University of Virginia, is currently recruiting patients for a clinical trial of Topamax to treat alcoholism. If the results are good, he predicts the drug will be readily prescribed by family practitioners in a few years' time.

Scientists see promise in other drugs for treating alcoholism, including Abilify, approved for psychosis, Zofran for nausea and Lioresal for muscle spasms. Research also indicates that Acomplia, a weight-loss drug expected to be available later this year, helps alcoholics curb the urge to drink.

Whether these drugs would have worked for hardened drinkers like soccer star Best remains to be seen. Karen Boyce of Cephalon, which has a marketing and distribution agreement with Alkermes, acknowledges the complexity of treating alcoholism due to its "physiological, psychological, sociological and environmental factors." Vivitrol, she says, "will enhance, not replace" treatment approaches like Alcoholics Anonymous.

"I think the effects of drugs like Vivitrol are going to be modest. It will be effective with some people, not with others. We shouldn't anticipate a magic bullet," says Dr. Kirk Wilhelmsen, whose lab at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill maps the susceptibility genes of alcoholism. He is leery of medications for conditions like alcoholism that have many different causes.

He also notes that the placebo effect alone can treat conditions like alcoholism, as reflected in Vivitrol's trials.

Others, like Jaren Madden of Alkermes, believe the progress drug developers are making with alcoholism treatments is similar to success they've made over the years with depression. Behavioral intervention was once the only treatment option for patients with depression, she notes. "But now the fact that medication can play an important role in treatment is well-accepted," she says.

Publicado originalmente en www.wired.com


Rating: 4 - 1 voto(s).

No existen comentarios.
Comentario / Comment:
  atención: para realizar comentarios tienes que ser usuario registrado.

_HistÓrico_Wabi Sabi

15-01-12_ Un poquito de volición
11-12-10_ OBSCURE No. 5 - Jan Steele  * John Cage
17-10-10_ GATEKEEPER
22-07-08_  @--`--,--
21-02-08_ The best food for runners
23-09-07_ Counter Culture Strategic Risk Analysis
06-07-07_ Zoetrope
26-06-07_ The Call of Cthulhu
11-08-07_ Thomas Dolby & Rachellle Garniez (@TED TALKS)
17-05-07_ De Düva * The Dove
03-05-07_ Jacques Lacan * Television (rarity)
02-05-07_ Postcards from the Future: The Chuck Palahniuk Documentary
24-04-07_ Eternidades
03-07-07_ Terayama Shuji - Experimental Image World
13-04-07_ Media That Matters Film Festival
25-06-07_ Allen Ginsberg * ... ten years after
25-06-07_ La Petite Lovecraft [ + ]
27-03-07_ 11111010001 [ * ] reloaded (acelerado)
03-03-07_ Destroy the museums, in the streets and everywhere
02-03-07_ I and my inanimate Inamorata Interlaced again
10-02-07_ La elegancia formal y la ligereza de una nube blanca" (DOCUMENTA 12 Press Release)
07-02-07_ DIY or DIE 
03-02-07_ Las pseudociencias son como las pesadillas
22-01-07_Tadanori Yokoo * 3 Animation Films (1964-65)
18-01-07_ Como se hacen los espejos
16-01-07_ Desiderata
11-01-07_ SecondSpaceTube
08-01-07_ How to survive through the Urban Jungle and other stories
03-01-07_ Pornography & Technology
01-01-07_ Becoming Transhuman
02-01-07_ Lenguage is a virus
25-11-07_ Pipilotti Rist * Video Works (1988-1999) 
31-05-07_ Eric Dolphy * Hy Fly
10-12-06_ Costumbres de los Ahogados * Alfred Jarry
13-12-06_ Visión cruda
01-12-06_ Bruselas, de Dansaert a Saint-Géry
23-11-06_ I've got it all, de Tracey Emin
20-11-06_ Forbidden Transmission
14-11-06_ Salo or the 120 Days of Sodom
13-11-06_ Semana de enlaces
04-11-06_ Wabi Sabi * La belleza de lo imperfecto
03-11-06_ McKenzie Clark * Interview
03-11-06_Fischli & Weiss celebran lo normal * Flowers & Questions.
18-10-06_Ahora mismo * para Siempre
31-05-07_ Lacan's Later Teaching
05-10-06_Shut Up, Little Man!
30-09-06_Coleccionar arte hoy
29-09-06_A las Cinco de la Tarde
20-09-06_Los agujeros negros no destruirán la Tierra
16-09-06_En la cuerda floja * el exclusivazo
15-09-06_Disney * El sádico de nuestra infancia
13-09-06_Los ladrillos contraatacan
11-09-06_Nomads and No-Zones
01-09-06_Experimentaclub 2006
31-08-06_Microsoft The Office
20-08-06_¿Quien mató a Cesar? ¿Un barco negro?
06-08-06_Rats' teeth and empty eyes
31-07-06_The Holy Mountain * Alexandro Jodorowsky
28-07-06_El retrato oval
20-07-06_Culture Hacking (rough draft)
20-07-06_No Generation
06-07-06_Landscape music
09-06-06_Getting High: A History of LSD
05-06-06_Frank Zappa * Remington Electric Razor
31-05-06_fijuu2 - 3D sound toy
05-06-06_Interview * Marc Boehlen
20-05-06_La nueva emisión de Tom Verlaine
20-05-06_Fluorescent bleeding chaos
12-05-06_Madrid se estrena en la feria del sexo
07-06-06_My Compliments to the Lab
30-04-06_Je t´aime Jane Birkin
07-06-06_Going to Pixelache
19-04-06_California dreaming
19-04-06_Drinking Problem? Try Drugs
09-04-06_China, el espejo desmesurado
06-04-06_Malditos, heterodoxos y alucinados
01-04-06_My Life in the Bush of Ghosts * Brian Eno/David Byrne
23-03-06_Back Soon
20-03-06_Soulseeking | The Road to Recovery
19-03-06_'Hamlet': todavía no
14-03-06_The State of emergency called Love
14-03-06_false friends
05-03-06_Trends '06 | from A to Z
04-03-06_Octavia Butler | The outsider who changed science fiction.
25-02-06_Club Gascon, Where Lunch Can Take All Afternoon
20-02-06_De evento en evento…, de comida en comida ...
13-02-06_De cómo ser comisario y vivir del cuento
12-02-06_La ilusión del buen rollo
11-02-06_Artistas colgados del teléfono
07-02-06_Seven ways to boost your fertility
27-01-06_Coleccionar coleccionistas
27-01-06_Interview With Mike Kelley
07-01-06_Conceptual Artist as Vandal: Walk Tall and Carry a Little Hammer (or Ax)
09-01-06_Un viaje sonoro por el 2005
04-01-06_La demostración de la conjetura de Kepler
09-06-06_The View from the Dance Floor
17-11-05_La novela no ha muerto, ¡viva la novela!
02-04-08_ Al Diablo * La última dedicatoria de Roberto Bolaño
31-05-05_Viaje a Babia

_ORBITAL_Wabi Sabi


Regístrate y disfruta de utilidades de administración y gestión de los contenidos de e-limbo*
Recibe las novedades en tu correo electronico.
El futuro está escrito en las estrellas... Horóscopo creado por J.G. Ballard y dedicado a todos vosotros.
Aplicaciones y herramientas necesarias para navegar y utilizar los contenidos del limbo electrónico e internet (www).
Artículos de e-limbo* en formato PDF preparados para viajar y aportar información allá donde estés. (y seguir salvando árboles)

_e-limbo * apoya



Mais uma edição do podcast Música Livre para o Archivo Vivo, do Centro Cultural da Espanha/AECID. ...
Ante preguntas de oyentes y amigos, puedo responder ahora que Vía Límite continuará en Radio ...
SORPRESA¡!¡! An unreleased version of Talking Heads' "Psycho Killer" with Arthur Russell on cello
Optimizado: Firefox, Safari, Mozilla, Netscape, Konqueror, Explorer. Resolución óptima: 1024x768
ISSN: 1885-5229    Aviso Legal e-limbo.org*